A ChromeDriver version exception or error occurs when there is a mismatch between the version of the ChromeDriver executable and the version of the Google Chrome browser that you are using. ChromeDriver is a separate executable that facilitates communication between Selenium WebDriver and the Chrome browser. Here are some common reasons why a ChromeDriver version exception might happen:
Incompatible Versions: The most common reason for this exception is using an incompatible version of ChromeDriver for the installed version of Google Chrome. ChromeDriver is tightly coupled with the Chrome browser, and different versions of Chrome require specific versions of ChromeDriver for compatibility.
Outdated ChromeDriver: If you've updated your Chrome browser to a newer version, you may also need to update ChromeDriver to a compatible version. Failing to do so can result in a version mismatch and an exception.
Multiple Chrome Versions: Sometimes, users have multiple versions of the Chrome browser installed on their systems. If the WebDriver attempts to use the wrong version of ChromeDriver for the currently active Chrome instance, it can lead to this exception.
Incorrect WebDriver Initialization: If you're initializing the WebDriver with an incorrect path to the ChromeDriver executable, it can cause version issues. Ensure that you're specifying the correct path when setting up the WebDriver.
To resolve a ChromeDriver version exception:
Update ChromeDriver: Download and use the latest compatible version of ChromeDriver that matches your installed version of Google Chrome. You can find the latest ChromeDriver releases on the official Chromium website or on the Selenium WebDriver GitHub repository.
Check Chrome Version: Verify the version of Google Chrome you have installed and ensure it matches the ChromeDriver version you are using. You can find your Chrome version by navigating to "chrome://settings/help" in the browser.
Single Chrome Installation: If you have multiple Chrome versions installed, try to ensure that your WebDriver uses the appropriate version by specifying the correct path to the Chrome executable.
Automation Tools: Consider using automation tools like WebDriverManager or WebDriverManager-Py, which can automate the process of downloading and managing the appropriate ChromeDriver version based on your browser installation.
By keeping Chrome and ChromeDriver versions in sync and ensuring that you are using a compatible combination, you can prevent ChromeDriver version exceptions and ensure the smooth operation of your Selenium automation tests.